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Water

Aerial View of Oak Park, Michigan

The City of Oak Park, Michigan is having to pay a sizeable settlement in the settlement of a class action alleging that the city mischarged residents for water and sewer services. The complaint alleged that two components of the city’s charges are unfair: a Kuhn Facility debt service charge and a storm water disposal charge.

Hannibal, Missouri

The City of Hannibal and the Hannibal Board of Public Works have agreed to a settlement in a class action brought against them and the Missouri Department of Natural Resources. The two defendants have committed to a minimum of $5 million to improve water quality in the city, with a focus on reducing or replacing chloramination as a primary method of disinfecting water.

Poland Spring

Is Poland Spring water from an actual spring? The complaint for this class action alleges that the real Poland Spring in Maine ran dry nearly fifty years ago and that the “spring” the company now claims produces its water in that location is at the bottom of a lake. At its other sites, the complaint says, the company has built man-made “springs” via three methods: (a) causing well water to flow through pipes or tubes into wetlands, (b) inserting wells into the ground to tap the water table and force water to the surface, and (c) excavating pits in the ground that intercept the water table and form man-made pools. None of these, the complaint says, meets the FDA definition of “spring” nor can water taken out of them be called “spring water.”