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Unfair Competition

Tootsie Rolls, Wrapped and Unwrapped

Were Tootsie Rolls and Tootsie Pops made until recently with an unhealthy substance, that is, partially hydrogenated oil (PHO)? The complaint for this class action says they were, despite a declaratory order from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). 

Jen-Weld Door

What’s a doorskin? It’s a part of the most popular type of interior door sold in North America, the interior molded door. The complaint for this class action claims that Masonite Corporation and Jeld-Wen, Inc. violated antitrust laws despite a US Department of Justice (DOJ) effort to avoid this. 

SAT Answer Coding Sheet and Pencil

The SAT test is a major criterion for college admission, so it’s crucial that the testing process be uniform and that no student have an unfair advantage over others in taking the test. But the complaint for this class action claims that tests are sometimes reused, allowing some students to see test questions (and even answers) ahead of time, giving them an unfair boost over others.

Psychemedics Hair Testing

Facing a mature market in the US, Psychemedics Corporation looked to the Brazilian market for growth. But according to the complaint for this securities class action, it ruined that possibility by engaging in illegal, anti-competitive behavior in collusion with another company. The complaint says that the two companies entered into an agreement ensuring that Psychomedics Brazil would receive exclusive contracts with hair sample collection points and Omega Brazil would not increase its share of the Brazilian market, despite the fact that Omega’s services were cheaper. Concealing this illegal activity from investors, the complaint says, was a violation of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

Spring in Nature

In 2015, Americans consumed 11.7 billion gallons of bottled water, the second-largest beverage category after carbonated drinks. Bottled water volumes are increasing, particularly in the category of spring water. However, the complaint for this class action alleges that some companies that claim to sell spring water are selling mere well water. It alleges that James J. Land, Jr. has a permit to extract “well water” only; that the company bottles and labels the well water as spring water; and that it sells the well water to three other companies who also bottle and label it as spring water.