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Claims Unsupported By Scientific Evidence

Box of VSL#3

When people buy a certain product, which goes by a certain name, they expect the product to remain the same, unless they’re told otherwise. However, the complaint for this class action alleges that, when VSL Pharmaceuticals lost the rights to the formula for their VSL#3 probiotic medical food formula, they simply replaced it with an inferior formula and continued to sell it under the same name. Their distributor was Leadiant Biosciences, Inc., later replaced with Alfasigma USA, Inc.

Woman's Shoulder and Upper Arm Taped Up with Rocktape

RockTape’s tagline is “Go stronger, longer.” The complaint for this class action brings suit against its maker, Tumbleweed, and its owner, Implus Footcare, LLC, claiming that that and other statements about the benefits of RockTape are simply not true.

Aveeno Stress Relief Moisturizing Lotion

A couple of stress-relief personal products might be providing a little stress for Johnson & Johnson Consumer Companies, Inc. The complaint for this class action alleges that two of its products do not in fact relieve stress or calm and relax users.

Box of Prevagen

Prevagen is advertised as a “clinically tested” brain health supplement. But the complaint for this class action alleges that it has not been clinically tested and does not in fact do anything for brain health. The complaint brings suit against three Quincy Bioscience companies as well as Prevagen, Inc.

Bag of Dr. Teal’s Pure Epsom Salt Soaking Solution—Detoxify & Energize with Ginger & Clay

One of the favorite claims of all kinds of products in recent years is that they “detoxify” the body. The complaint for this class action alleges that this and claims of relief of muscle pain made for Dr. Teal’s Pure Epsom Salt products are false.

Can of V8 Pomegranate Blueberry Energy Drink

Would you choose an energy drink characterized by the flavor or “concentrated juices of sweet potatoes”? The complaint for this class action makes allegations about V8 energy drinks, including the identity of their flavorings and the “steady” energy supposedly provided by green tea extracts. The complaint alleges negligent misrepresentations, fraud, and violations of state consumer protection laws, among other things.

Carton of A2 Milk

The a2 Milk Company claims that its special type of milk can be easier on the digestive system than regular milk. The complaint for this class action alleges that is a false statement, because the milk still contains lactose, the source of digestive problems with milk. The complaint claims violations of state consumer protection laws as well as breaches of warranties, negligent misrepresentation, and fraud, among other things.

Bottle of Blue Ridge Silver Colloidal Silver Product

Can the Colloidal Silver products sold by Blue Ridge Silver treat strep, dementia, and cancer? The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has written Blue Ridge Silver a Warning letter about drug-like claims it makes for the colloidal silver products it sells on its website.

Bacopa Monnieri Sold by Peak Nootropics

Does the Bacopa Monnieri sold by Peak Nootropics, LLC (also known as Advanced Nootropics) help prevent Alzheimer’s disease? Does the L-Dopa it sells help control involuntary movement in Parkinson’s disease patients? The FDA has sent a Warning Letter to Peak Nootropics about the drug-like claims it makes for supplements on its website.

Morpheme Remedies Memocare Plus

Besides oils, hair care, and grooming products, the website for Ayurvedic Care offers a range of supplements. It makes great claims about their positive effects on many illnesses. The problem is, any substance marketed as being able to prevent, treat, or cure a disease is considered a drug. In February 2019, the FDA sent a Warning Letter about these drug-like claims to Emmbros Overseas Lifestyle PVT Ltd., the company behind the AyurvedicCure website, as well as the websites,, and