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Chemicals

Liquid Alum in Beaker

Three of the defendants have put up a total of more than $5 million to settle an antitrust class action on behalf of direct purchasers of alum. Alum is used to treat drinking water, control algae in lakes and ponds, treat wastewater, and for certain manufacturing purposes.

Recycled Boat Event in Blades, Delaware

A number of class actions in recent years have address the poisoning of water sources by PFOA and PFOS chemicals used in firefighting foam at military bases. This case is similar, except that the chemicals come from manufacturing sources. The town is Blades, Delaware, and the companies named as defendants are E. I. DuPont de Nemours and Company, the Chemours Company, the 3M Company, Procino Plating, Inc., and Blades Development, LLC.

Liquid Aluminum Sulfate in Beaker

Six different settlements are intended to resolve combined antitrust class actions alleging that a group of defendants hurt competition and violated antitrust and consumer protection laws. The complaints alleged that the companies allocated customers and markets for, and fixed the price of, liquid aluminum sulfate (alum) in certain states, causing indirect purchasers to pay too much for it.